Tunisia

TUNISIA

Dear fellow nurses and caregivers,
You are welcoming a patient from Tunisia.
Here is a list of useful information to know in the context of his medical care.

General Information

Distance Paris – – – – > – – – – – Tunis: 989 miles
11 million inhabitants / Average salary: $267.54 per month
Literacy rate: 79% / Life expectancy: 75.9 years
Spoken languages : Arabic and Chelha

Communication

Commemoration of the first anniversary of the Revolution of 2011 in Sidi Bouzid

● To reach out to someone or make a sign, Tunisians always use the right hand.

Beliefs, Practices & Rituals

Man stopping to pray in the Sahara desert

● In Tunisia, 98% of the inhabitants are Muslims.
● It is impolite to pass in front of a patient who is praying.
● During Ramadan, taking a small amount of blood is allowed and does not interrupt the fast.
● During Ramadan, the suffering person is allowed to eat to regain strength if the doctor deems it necessary.
● During Ramadan, therapeutic massage is permitted and does not interrupt the fast, unlike comfort and wellness massage.
● It is preferable for a woman to be treated / massaged by a female caregiver, showing only the areas to be treated.
● Some people may believe that demons (jinn) and evil eye bring them misfortune, including disease.
● Informing the patient and being clear is important. Some people may think that cancer can come from touch or can be treated with marabouts or antibiotics.

Eating habits

Traditional meal around a Tunisian couscous
● 55% of Tunisians eat breakfast outside the home because of the long time they spend commuting to work.
● Snacking and obesity concern more and more children and teenagers.
● Tunisian cuisine is spicy and consists mainly of starchy foods, olive oil, and eggs.

Pregnancy and motherhood

Children smiling at the camera

● Termination of pregnancy or a possible illness of the pregnant woman are always attributed to external influences.
● Some people fear that if they do not give in to the shahwa, the desires of a pregnant woman, it will affect and harm the child she is carrying. After three months of pregnancy, the woman can eat without restriction.
● During the ninth month, the mother-to-be’s hands and feet are coated with henna. According to tradition, henna is traditionally used to make childbirth easier.
● As soon as the baby begins to cry, the mother breastfeeds the baby, refusing to breastfeed at regular intervals or at specific times.

End-of-life care

Elderly person grinding Argan

● In Tunisia, it is possible that families may request the patient’s discharge in-extremis so that the patient can die at home.

Examples

This section allows us to share experiences.
Feel free to share yours with the community.

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